Job 39 Summary: Verses 13-30

Job 39 Summary

Job 39 Summary: Verses 13-30
Explaining the Book of Job

 
 
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Job 39 Summary: Let’s turn our attention to Job 39.

We’re in the section in this book where God appears to Job and speaks to him. And instead of answering any questions that Job may have had – God has been asking question after question to Job.

If my count is correct, then God has so far asked Job 52 questions. These questions have dealt with the earth, the clouds, the heavens, the sea, snow, hail, rain, light, darkness, animals, wisdom, and even death.

And we’ve noted that these questions are all intended to help Job understand that Job ultimately doesn’t know much about anything. On the other hand – God understand all of these things perfectly. And not only does he understand all of these things – he alone is mighty and powerful enough to make them happen.

Now, the last several questions that God asked have dealt with animals. God most recently asked Job about…

Q38-39: Feeding Lions

Q40: Feeding Ravens

Q41-44: Birth of Goats and Deer

Q45-46: Wild Donkeys

Q47-52: Powerful Wild Oxen

And for the rest of chapter 39, God is going to keep talking to Job about animals – about their peculiarities – about their strengths – about their uniquely-excellent qualities.

Job 39 Summary: Q53-54?: Birds

And God begins by talking to Job about birds.

And he focuses first on their wings.

KJV Job 39:13 [Gavest thou the goodly/The ostriches’] wings [unto the peacocks/flap joyfully]?
[or/with the/but are they the/but they cannot compare with the] [wings/pinions] and [feathers/plumage/feathers] [unto the ostrich/of love/of a stork]?

“Gavest thou the goodly wings”

And we need to stop here and figure out what’s being said here.

First of all we have the phrase in the KJV, “Gavest thou the goodly…” And you can see that the phrase “Gavest thou” is in italics – which means that those words were supplied by the translators.

But what we also need to note is that the word translated as “goodly” by the KJV occurs only one time in the Old Testament. And you can guess where that is! Right here, of course.

So, when a word appears only once, it’s sometimes difficult to figure out what it means. Context is the most helpful clue for us. And the KJV decided that the context indicates that the word means “goodly” or something that is beautiful or helpful or commendable.

But most other translations translate that Hebrew word that appears only here as “ostrich” as in “The ostrich’s wings…” So, God is speaking of an ostrich and her wings.

“unto the peacocks”

And we also need to note that there’s another translational issue right after the first one we just discussed. And that is the phrase in the KJV, “unto the peacocks.”

The word underlying that phrase is found three times in the Old Testament. Once it’s rendered the way it is here – as “peacock.” Another time it’s translated in the KJV as “solace” – the idea of comfort or consolation. And the third time it’s translated in the KJV as “rejoice.”

So, think with me here. There was a song on a TV program when I was a kid that went:

One of these things is not like the others
One of these things just doesn’t belong
Can you tell which thing is not like the others
By the time I finish my song? (Sesame Street)

But at any rate – when you think of these three words: “solace,” “rejoice,” and “peacock” – which doesn’t belong? Which is the odd man out?

“Solace” and “rejoice” both have to do with your emotional state. They’re furthermore to be viewed as positive realities.

And then we have “peacock.” And yes, that’s the thing that doesn’t belong in this group. And ultimately, I think we are justified to seek another way to translate that word here in Job 39 rather than as “peacock.”

So – putting this all together – God is telling Job that the ostrich has wings that rejoice! They – according to one translation – flap joyfully!

That’s good. We finally understand what that first line means!

But wait – there’s more! This verse is pretty difficult to interpret. But we’ll get there, with God’s help.

There are a few more translational difficulties that we need to hammer out.

“or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?”

The word “wings” is fine. No issue there.

But that next word “feathers” occurs six times in the Old Testament. Five times the KJV translates it as “stork.” And once it’s translated as it is here – as “feathers.” So, hold that thought for just a moment.

And let’s consider one last word in this verse. It’s the word “ostrich.” That word appears four times in the Old Testament. And three times it’s translated by the KJV as “feathers.” And I’m sorry for sounding like a broken record, but only one time this word is translated as we have it here – “ostrich.”

If you’ll allow me to take a little liberty in using the words as the KJV uses them in the majority of the verses in which they appear, then the end of verse 13 says something like, “wings of a stork and feathers.”

So, putting the whole verse together, we have God saying, “An ostrich flaps her wings joyfully” and then he compares those wings to that of a stork.

Why would God talk about a stork here? From this verse through to verse 18, God talks about the ostrich – not storks. So, why mention a stork here?

Well, from what I could find out, it seems that storks are known for the longevity of their nests. They continue to use the same nest year after year. They’re faithful to lay their eggs and hatch them – in the same spot – year after year.

And that’s an important distinction – because as God tells us for the next several verses – ostriches are really not very faithful when it comes to nesting and caring for their young.

14 [Which/For she/She] [leaveth/abandons/lays] her eggs [in/to/on] the [earth/ground],
and [warmeth them/lets them be warmed] [in/on the] [dust/soil/sand],

15 [And forgetteth/Unmindful] that [the/a] foot [may/might] crush them,
or that [the/a/some] wild [beast/animal] [may/might] [break/trample] them.

So, ostriches do make their nest in the sand on the ground. And when you think about it, this is rather unusual for a bird. When you think of bird nests and bird eggs you typically think of nests being up in a tree or in some other high and hard-to-reach area.

But the ostrich just lays her eggs on the ground – where any old animal can come by and smash her eggs or some human can come along and take them.

Now, I understand that a male ostriches will mate with several female ostriches and they will usually all lay eggs – sometimes up to 70 eggs between all of the females in the group. The problem is that only about 20 eggs can be incubated at once – by the way, the sitting on the eggs that these ostriches do is to actually cool the eggs rather than to warm them – the hot African sun does that pretty well without any help!

Anyway, there’s a dominant female that incubates the eggs during the day and the male does so at night. That process takes about 40 days. If there are more than 20 eggs in the sand nest – the dominant female will push the excess eggs out of the nest to be stepped on or stolen or to rot or whatever else. And of course, it seems that most of the time, the discarded eggs are not hers – but rather those of the minor ostrich hens in the group. (http://www.tektonics.org/lp/ostrich.php)

And it’s that kind of behavior that God is referencing when he utters the following of these ostriches:

16 She is [hardened against/harsh with/treats cruelly] her young ones,
as [though/if] they were not hers:
her labour is [in vain/useless] [without fear/she is unconcerned/she cares not];

So, God could be speaking of any of several realities here when he says that the ostrich is hardened against her young ones.

He could be referring to the fact that the dominant female pushes some of the eggs out of the nest – the ones that she’s been charged with caring for. Or he could be speaking of the minor hens that don’t seem to care that their eggs have been pushed out of the nest. Or it could be speaking of the fact that once the eggs hatch, the hen is not the one to take care of the young – but instead the male does that.

At any rate, from laying the egg to incubating to what happens after the egg hatches – it can be said that in certain ways it seems that the female ostrich is not all that concerned about these lives that she is bringing into the world.

She has labor – hard work – both to produce the eggs and then to hatch them. And yet, she turns around and treats her eggs the way she does without any fear or concern or care.

And that’s just odd! What is wrong with this bird?! Why does she act this way??

17 Because God [hath deprived her of/has made her forget/did not endow her with] wisdom,
neither hath he [imparted/given a share] to her [understanding/of good sense].

It’s not wise to treat your young poorly – whether you’re a bird or a human or anything else. It shows a lack of understanding when this is how a creature acts.

And this is how God says Job has acted – without understanding. Remember how God started out this barrage of questions to Job? “Who is this that darkens counsel without – what? – understanding?

And just as silly and foolish as the ostrich seems for being so callous and careless regarding her young – so too Job is operating carelessly. Job has been questioning God’s justice and his goodness. Job has been demanding that God give an account to him for his actions in Job’s life. And so, God is responding to Job like – “You’re lacking wisdom and understanding. How could you possibly question the justice and goodness of the one who alone is able to both define and embody those very concepts?

And so, Job is receiving a healthy dose of reality from God here. And we’re going to see him later respond right with wisdom and understanding to God’s rebuke. That’s how wise people respond to God’s chastening.

But as for our old friend the ostrich – she is totally incapable of such a response. She’s free and that’s all she cares about!

18 [What time/When/But as soon as/Yet when] she [lifteth up herself on high/springs up/spreads her feathers to run],
she [scorneth/laughs at] the horse and his rider.

She laughs – as it were – at the horse who has a rider. Because she’s free! She has no wisdom, but she doesn’t care. So what if she has no wisdom? She’s free to do as she pleases.

No human rules over her. But God does. God is in charge of ostriches. He’s the one who decided to withhold wisdom from them so that they do these foolish things that we’ve discussed.

And without God’s wisdom we are all just as foolish and care-free as the ostrich.

Job 39 Summary: Q55-57: Horses

Well, as long as God brought up horses in relation to ostriches, he decides to ask Job a question about that animal next.

19 [Hast thou given/Do you give] the horse [strength/his might]?
hast thou clothed his neck with [thunder/a mane(1x in OT)]?

Has Job given the physical traits of strength and dignity to the horse? Of course not – only God has done that.

20 Canst thou make him [afraid/leap] [as/like] a [grasshopper/locust]?
[the glory of his nostrils/his majestic snorting/Its proud neighing/his proud snorting] [is terrible/is terrifying/strikes terror].

And so, rather than being able to scare a horse, Job is more likely to be afraid of this creature than the horse is afraid of man.

Because God’s not talking about some micro-horse or pony or something like that. God is talking about the kind of horse that’s not afraid to charge into battle!

21 He paweth [the ground…] [fiercely…] in the valley, [and rejoiceth in his strength/exulting mightily]:
he goeth on to meet the [armed men/weapons] [as it charges into the fray…].

And whereas the ostrich laughs at this horse – this horse has something else that he laughs at.

22 He [mocketh/laughs] at fear, and is not [affrighted/dismayed/afraid] [of anything…];
neither [turneth he back/does he shy away] from the sword.

No fear! Despite this kind of scene all around him…

23 The quiver rattleth [against him/on him/against his side],
the [glittering/flashing] [spear/lance] and [the shield/javelin/lance].

And rather than deter him, the presence of this kind of danger only seems to invigorate him.

24 He [swalloweth/races over/consumes/eats up] the ground with [fierceness/shaking/excitement] and [rage/impatience/frenzy]:
neither [believeth he that it is/does he stand still at] the sound of the trumpet.

25 He [saith/snorts] [among/at the sound of] the trumpets, [Ha, ha/Aha!];
and he [smelleth the/catches the scent of] battle [afar off/from a distance],
the [thunder/thunderous shouting] of the [captains/commanders], and the [shouting/war cry/battle cries].

And so, God has made this amazing creature what it is. God made the horse to be like this. He made the ostrich to be very different.

And God made Job – and he made you and me – to trust him even when we don’t understand his ways in our life.

Job 39 Summary: Q58: Hawks

Now, God returns to asking Job a question. And this time, he’s going to ask about hawks.

26 Doth the hawk [fly/soar/take flight] by thy [wisdom/understanding],
and [stretch/spread] her wings toward the south?

So, does Job lend wisdom to hawks to help them to soar? So, of course not.

Job 39 Summary: Q59: Eagle

And neither can Job command the eagle to fly and build her nest.

27 Doth the eagle [mount up/soar] at thy command,
and [make/build] her nest on high?

28 She [dwelleth/lives] and [abideth/lodges/spends the night there] on the [rock/cliff],
upon [the crag of the rock/a rocky crag], [and the strong place/an inaccessible place/a fortress/his stronghold].

29 From [thence/there] she [seeketh/spies out/spots/weeks out] [the prey/food],
and her eyes [behold/see it/gaze intently/detect it] [afar off/from a distance].

30 Her young ones also [suck up/devour/feast on] [the…] blood:
and where the [slain/dead carcasses] are, there is she.

So, these animals are amazing. Some are just plain foolish – but even their foolishness is amazing testimony to God’s influence and control over them. Some are strong, powerful, and fearless. Others soar and nest at great heights. Heights beyond the reach of humans.

And God is using all of this to remind Job that it’s not only the heights of birds’ nests that are beyond humans. God’s ways are by-and-large beyond us. We can’t understand them totally.

And that’s OK – because we have a God who knows what he’s doing and how to do it. And so, whenever we find ourselves feeling like God’s ways are beyond us – remember the eagle’s nest. It’s beyond your reach – it’s beyond your ability to access. And yet, it’s all in God’s capable hands. We can trust him.

Job 39 Commentary: Verses 1-12

Job 39 Commentary

Job 39 Commentary | Q41-44: Birth of Goats and Deer

Now, as we head into chapter 29, the Lord asks Job if he knows anything about the birth of goats and deer in verses 1-4.

KJV Job 39:1 [Knowest thou/Do you know/Are you acquainted with] [the time when/the way/when] the [wild goats of the rock/the mountain goats] [bring forth/give birth]?
[or canst thou/Do you] [mark/observe/watch] [when the hinds do calve/the calving of the deer/as the wild deer give birth to their young/when the doe bears her fawn]?

2 [Canst/Can/Do] [thou number/you count] the months [that they fulfil/they must fulfill/till they bear]?
[or knowest thou/Or do you know/and do you know/Do you know] the time [when they bring forth/they give birth]?

3 They [bow themselves/kneel down/crouch/crouch down], [they bring forth/they bear/and bring forth] their [young ones/young],
they [cast out/get rid of/bring forth/end] their [sorrows/labor pains/offspring they have carried].

4 Their [young ones/offspring/young] [are in good liking/become strong/grow strong/thrive and grow strong], they grow up [with corn/in the open fields/in the open/in the wilds];
they [go forth/leave/go off], and [return not unto/do not return to] them.

Now, I am guessing from the questions that God just asked that Job would not have known the time or way in which mountain goats bear their offspring. He apparently would not have been able to observe when deer bear their fawns. I assume that Job would not have been able to count the months that gestation would take in these creatures or even the timing of their birth process.

And I would be in the same boat as Job in this arena and most of us would be as well. Who has the time to study this kind of thing? And honestly, if we didn’t have the luxury of teams of scientists and professional film crews going around and documenting this phenomenon and then broadcasting this to kind of event to us, we’d all be in the dark about this process.

And so, I suppose a contemporary unbeliever might view these four questions that God asked that all relate to the timing of the birth of these animals and say, “Well, yeah, I know how that works!” And such a person might feel a big of smug superiority to the Lord.

But here’s the underlying reality that’s implicit in God’s questions regarding the birth of animals. Job and most normal people without researching it would not know anything about how this all works. At best, we can research and discover how this process works. We can even see some video of it nowadays.

But on the other hand – God doesn’t just know about it. He makes it happen.

And without doing any research, he speaks in an impromptu manner about how it works. As if this is just something in the back of his mind that he can access at any time – the facts of how it all works. That information is accessible to God. That information is something that God knows because it’s a process that God oversees from beginning to end.

And don’t you suppose that – if God sees through the fairly obscure process of the birth of animals – that he’s mindful of the process of our sufferings? That he’s perhaps – as in Job’s life – the one who has caused it to happen for his own divine – and oftentimes secret – purposes?

We can trust him even in our suffering. He knows what he’s doing – even if we don’t.

Job 39 Commentary | Q45-46: Wild Donkeys

Next, the Lord asks Job about wild donkeys in verses 5-8.

5 Who [hath sent out/sent out/let X go] the wild [ass/donkey] free?
[or who/and who/who] [hath loosed/loosed/released/untied] the [bands/bonds/ropes] of the [wild ass/swift donkey/donkey]?

6 [Whose house I have made/To whom I gave X for a home/to whom I appointed X for its home/I gave him X as his home] the [wilderness/steppe/wasteland],
[and the/the] [barren land/salt land/wastes/sand flats] [his/for his/as its/as his] [dwellings/dwelling place/habitat] [./?]

7 [He/It] [scorneth/laughs at] the [multitude/tumult/commotion] [of/in] the [city/town],
[neither regardeth he/he does not hear/it does not hear] the [crying/shoutings/shouts/shout] of the driver.

8 [The range of/He explores/It ranges/He ranges] the [mountains/hills] [is his/for his/as its] pasture,
and [he searcheth/searches] [after every/for any] green [thing/plant].

So, God asks Job about wild donkeys – and in particular he asks him who made them to be wild. Why aren’t they domesticated?

Well, that’s where God takes ownership of that decision – to leave these animals wild. God made their house the wilderness. God made them to dwell in the barren land.

And because God has made them that way, they – as it were – just laugh at the idea of being domesticated. They’re free – and God pictures them as kind of loving it! They don’t have any human masters – they can wander wherever they want and eat anything they please.

And so, these beasts are out of the control of mankind. And we’re going to see this theme more – I believe – with the discussion later on of Behemoth and Leviathan – but God is starting to point out that he has created certain animals to be out of the control of God’s human creatures.

And what Job and his friends and we are all supposed to take from that is this – we don’t have everything under control. And if we can’t even control animals – donkeys and whatever else – well then, how can we presume to control our circumstances? And ultimately, how can we presume to control God?

And isn’t that what we want to do? We’d like to control God and make him do our bidding. And that’s the problem with Job and his friends. They all thought that God – in whatever way – could be controlled. You want good from God? You can control that outcome by doing good. And when God didn’t deliver on this assumed promise – then Job was expressing a desire to control God by bringing him to court and making God answer his charges – or at least that God would reveal what he was charging and punishing Job for.

But God doesn’t work that way. He is beyond our control. If his animals – like the wild donkey and others – are outside of our control – then how much more is he beyond our ability to control?

Job 39 Commentary | Q47-52: Powerful Wild Oxen

Well, the Lord asks Job about another beast that is ultimately beyond Job’s ability to control. And that is the powerful wild oxen in verses 9-12.

9 Will the [unicorn/wild ox] [be willing/consent] to [serve thee/be your servant],
[or abide/Will it spend the night] [by thy crib/at your manger/at your feeding trough]?

10 Canst thou [bind/hold] the [unicorn/wild ox] with [his band/ropes/a harness] [in the/to a] furrow?
or will he [harrow/till] the valleys [following…] [after/behind] thee?

11 Wilt thou [trust/rely on] him, because his strength is great?
or wilt thou [leave/commit] thy [labour/heavy work] to him?

12 [Wilt thou believe/Can you count on/Can you trust] him, that he will [bring home/return/bring in] thy seed,
and gather it into thy [barn/threshing floor]?

And so, moving from wild donkeys to wild oxen, God asks Job if he’s able to control these creatures either. Will they serve him? Will they do his work? Can he trust them to do what he wants them to do?

The answer of course is that Job would not be able to harness wild oxen. Just like the wild donkeys, these beasts are outside of Job’s control.

And that last verse has God asking Job whether he can believe or count on or trust the wild ox. And once more, the answer to that is “No.” But whom can Job trust? Whom must Job trust? God.

And we can and must as well. We must trust God – and in particular his wisdom in our lives and even our suffering. Even when we don’t understand his ways.

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 34-41

Job 38 Commentary Verses 34-41

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 34-41 | If my reckoning is right, we’ve seen God ask Job 31 questions so far.

Q1: Who is this?

Q2: Foundations of the Earth

Q3-4: Measuring the Earth

Q5-6: Foundation and Corner Stone of the Earth

Q7: The Sea

Q8: Bring the Morning

Q9-10: Source of the Seas

Q11-12: Death and Darkness

Q13: Earth

Q14-15: Light and Darkness

Q16-17: Snow and Hail

Q18-19: Lightning and the East Wind

Q20-21: Floods and Thunder

Q22-23: Rain and Dew

Q24-25: Ice and Frost

Q26-27: Pleiades and Orion

Q28-29: Constellations and the Bear

Q30-31 Rules of Heaven on Earth

And so, let’s turn our attention once more to Job, chapter 38. We’ll hopefully cover the end of this chapter and get through verse 12 of chapter 39.

Job 32 Commentary | Q32: Commanding the Clouds

So, the last few questions that God has asked Job concern the heavens. But now – coming back down from the heavens but not quite yet to the earth – the Lord in verse 34 asks Job about whether he can command the clouds to do anything.

34 Canst thou [lift up/raise] thy voice to the clouds,
[that/so that] [an/a…] [abundance/flood] of [waters/water] [may cover/will cover/covers] thee?

And the answer of course is “No.” Job can’t command the clouds to send rain on him.

Job 32 Commentary |Q33: Commanding Lightning

And sometimes out of those clouds that God just asked Job about, lightning comes forth. He just asked if Job is able to command the clouds. The answer is “Negative.” So now, God wants to ask if Job is able to command lightning to do anything in verse 35.

35 Canst thou [send/send forth/send out] [lightnings/lightning bolts], [that/and] they [may go/go],
[and/Will they] say unto thee, Here we are?

So, God pictures the lightning reporting to duty to Job – “here we are!” they say.

But of course, that’s a rather humorous picture in our mind – of lightning bolts coming at Job’s command and registering with him for their assignment.

And it’s funny, because it’s impossible. And Job would have known that.

And if it’s impossible for Job to command clouds and lightning, then Job shouldn’t be surprised that he can’t command matters in his life to conform to what he thinks they should be.

He’s been thinking that – as a righteous man – he should not be suffering. Suffering of this magnitude belongs only to wicked men – Job has thought. So has his three friends.

And so, we’ve seen Job basically command God to come and explain to him his actions in Job’s life. But instead of obeying Job’s command, God has been asking him these impossible questions!

God is turning out to be just as resistant to being bossed around by Job as are the clouds and lightning!

Job 32 Commentary | Q34-35: Wisdom and Understanding in Man

Now, God has spoken of things in the heavens, of things in the clouds, and now he is going to ask Job about wisdom and understanding in humans in verse 36.

36 Who hath put wisdom in the [inward parts/innermost being/heart]?
or [who hath given/given/has imparted] understanding to the [heart/mind]?

So, how does that happen? How does it turn out that you and I can gain wisdom – skill in living this life? Who gives wisdom and understanding? It’s the Lord, of course.

And it’s not up to a man to put wisdom in his own heart – as if someone could get ahold of an instruction manual on how to create wisdom and then how to inject it into a person.

God alone knows how to grant wisdom to his human creatures.

Job 32 Commentary | Q36-37: Numbering Clouds and Sending Rain

And then the Lord lifts Job’s eyes back up to the sky and asks him about numbering the clouds and sending rain. Can Job do that? Verses 37 and 38.

37 Who [->] can [number/count] the clouds [<-] [in/by] wisdom?
[or/and] who can [stay/tip/tip/over] the [bottles/water jars] of heaven,

38 When the dust [groweth into hardness/hardens into a mass],
and the [clods/clumps of earth] [cleave fast/stick] together?

Now, catch that the Lord is again mentioning wisdom here. He asked Job in his last question who puts wisdom into people’s inner beings. And the answer of course was that God alone does that. And Job doesn’t – not even for himself.

So, it’s impossible for a person to put wisdom into himself. And if that’s the case, then using that wisdom on the scale that God speaks of here is equally out of the reach of humanity.

I think that if you were to go outside on a partly-cloudy day you might have difficulty counting all the clouds that are within your view even. How much harder would it be to count all of the clouds that are hovering over all of the earth at one time?! It would be impossible for us.

And then God pictures himself as doing something with those clouds. He once more sends rain from them. And he speaks of those clouds as if they are bottles that hold water – and he can just tip them over – or hold them back for that matter.

And if he doesn’t allow those metaphorical bottles to tip over and spill out their contents of rain, then the dust on the earth hardens. That’s what happens in a drought.

But once more, God is able to count the clouds and then to send or withhold rain from those clouds. And he does this all by his wisdom.

And God does everything by his wisdom. He knows what to do and when. He has skill in managing this creation.

And it’s that wisdom that we need to trust when we can’t understand God’s ways.

And there’s nothing wrong with trying to improve your situation in life. There’s nothing wrong with seeking God to release you from certain uncomfortable or difficult circumstances in your life. And yet, if God doesn’t move you and he makes it clear to you that where you are is exactly where he wants you to be – then you can sit tight and trust God’s wisdom in your life.

God is the one who gives wisdom to man. He’s the one who uses that wisdom in a way that is beyond our comprehension. You can trust him. You must trust him. He is trustworthy. He’s responsible. He knows what’s going on – in all of creation – and even in your life.

Job 32 Commentary | Q38-39: Feeding Lions

Now, in the rest of this chapter and a good portion of the next chapter, the Lord turns the focus of his questions to the realm of the animal kingdom.

And certainly, Job wouldn’t know the first thing about making sure that lions are fed – verses 39 and 40.

39 [Wilt thou/Can you/Do you] hunt the prey for the [lion/lioness]?
[or/and] [fill/satisfy] the appetite of the [young lions/lions],

40 When they [couch/crouch] in their dens,
and abide in [the covert/the thicket/their lair] to lie in wait?

Now, we don’t have lions in this area, very thankfully. And so, you probably have never seen a lion hunt its prey.

But maybe you’ve seen a video of this happening. Our boys used to love watching that kind of programming. It’s amazing stuff – if not a stark reminder of how Adam’s sin affected even the animals in God’s creation.

But, you might think – as you see that lion stalk and then spring toward the gazelle or whatever other creature – that this is just the natural course of things. That lion is just doing what comes naturally to him.

Yes – but God is taking credit for providing that specific lion with that specific gazelle. God after Adam’s sin – and certainly after the flood created what we know as the Food Chain. And somehow through that system every creature on this planet is sustained.

And that means that God has to juggle the feeding of every single animal in the world.

Job 32 Commentary | Q40: Feeding Ravens

Well, Job might be excused for not knowing how to feed lions. They’re dangerous creatures. But what about a creature that’s smaller and not as potentially harmful? What about the ravens? Can Job feed the ravens? Verse 41.

41 Who [provideth/prepares] for the raven [his food/its nourishment/prey]?
when [his young ones/its young] [cry/cry out] unto God,
[they/and] wander [about…] [for lack of/without] [meat/food].

So, God feeds these birds just like he feeds lions. And God seems to indicate here that he has some compassion – even on these birds. It’s as if God responds to the crying of the young of these birds by ensuring that there is food for them to eat.

And this makes us remember what the Son of God – Jesus Christ – said about birds.

He told us that not even a sparrow – a bird much smaller than a raven – falls dead to the ground apart from our Heavenly Father. God knows about the death of each sparrow. He has some level of concern regarding what happens to them.

And as you remember, Jesus used that reality to remind us that God cares very much about us. We’re not to worry – even in the face of death. We’re not to fear those who can kill only the body – but can’t touch our souls.

And that’s what Job needed to be reminded of – and what we need to remember as well. That in the midst of our trials – the God who is concerned to make sure that ravens are fed will also take care of us. And he’ll do it all according to his wisdom and in his timing.

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 18-33

Job 38 Commentary Verses 18-33

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 18-33
Explaining the Book of Job

 
 
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Job 38 Commentary: This week I left work one day and I was puzzled. I had so many questions. Why am I here? Things are so hard sometimes. Why has God allowed things to transpire in my life that are painful and difficult? Why, why, why?

And thankfully God’s questions to Job came to my mind. And God through his word started asking me some questions.

Paul – do you really understand everything I’m doing in your life? Would you ever be able to begin to comprehend all of the things that I am working in your life – not to mention throughout the universe! – for my own glory and for your good? You can stop your questioning my goodness now.

And I’m not sure if I’m the only one who has experienced something like that. Have you gone through that exercise in your mind this week? Have you been tempted to question God’s goodness or his justice in your life or in this world? Have you allowed God’s questions to Job to be redirected to you?

Well, we’ve seen God ask so far 12 questions to Job. He’s asked…

Q1: Who is this?

Q2: Foundations of the Earth

Q3-4: Measuring the Earth

Q5-6: Foundation and Corner Stone of the Earth

Q7: The Sea

Q8: Bring the Morning

Q9-10: Source of the Seas

Q11-12: Death and Darkness

And that’s where we ended last time. So, let’s turn our attention to Job 38.

We’ll be covering verses 18-33, Lord-willing this time.

Job 38 Commentary: Q13: Earth

And so, I had just mentioned that God was asking questions about the realm of death as we ended last time. But now at this point God returns to the land of the living and questions Job about the earth.

18 Hast thou [perceived/understood/considered] the [breadth/expanse/vast expanse] of the earth?
[declare/tell me] if thou knowest [it all/all this].

Did Job understand how wide the earth is? I don’t know – perhaps he did. In fact, if you do a search on the internet for this question you’ll learn that the earth is 7,917.5 miles around at the equator. Don’t forget that half a mile at the end there!

You can also discover at the tips of your fingers that the surface area of the earth is 196.9 million mi². That’s the total land that covers the earth.

Did Job know this? Again, I’m not sure.

But perhaps the question is not so much a matter of knowing bare facts – just like I can type a search phrase into a web browser and have the answer spit back out at me. But maybe the point of God’s question is more – “have you, Job, personally experientially seen the vast expanse of the earth? Have you walked around on all of it, seeing every one of those nearly 200 million square miles? Have you walked around the earth at the equator for all of those nearly 8,000 miles?

And as God asks that question and Job and all of us answer with blank stares – then God is able to say, “Well, I have seen each and every square mile – as if God works in miles – of the surface of the earth.

And that kind of thought gives God reason to challenge Job. Did you hear that last line of verse 18? What do you think of God’s question there?

He said “[declare/tell me] if thou knowest [it all/all this].” That question is a little forceful. God is challenging Job.

He’s indicating that Job has been implying that he knows everything. Why does God do that? It’s because Job has been maintaining his righteousness – and that’s fine. But he’s been doing so at God’s expense. He’s been making himself look good – that’s fine – but in the process he’s been insinuating that God is bad.

Job has been demanding God to explain his ways to him. But to do so would not even make sense to Job. God’s ways include and involve managing everything on the earth and in the sky and in the water and even in the realm of the dead. How would a human even comprehend God’s total dealings in all of those areas? We couldn’t understand. We wouldn’t have time to listen to his response. We would die of old age by the time he got done explaining everything.

Instead, God wants us to trust him to do right in this world and in our own personal lives.

And when we don’t trust him – when we question and doubt his goodness and justice – you can expect God to challenge you a little bit. He might even sarcastically indicate that you know everything! He’s done it before.

Job 38 Commentary: Q14-15: Light and Darkness

Well, God’s next question deals with light and darkness in verses 19-21.

19 [Where is the way where/In what direction does] light [dwelleth/reside]?
and as for darkness, where is [the place thereof/its place],

20 That thou [shouldest/may] take [it/them] to [the bound thereof/its territory/their borders],
and that thou [shouldest/may] [know/discern/perceive] the [paths/pathways] to [the house thereof/their homes]?

21 [Knowest thou it/You know], [because thou wast/for you were] [then born/born then/born before them][?/!]
[or because/and] the number of thy days is great[?/!]

So, what is the source of light and darkness? That’s God question. Where do they dwell? As if they had a home.

And God is so earthy and graciously condescending to Job as he speaks of – as it were – taking light back home. As if the light or the darkness could stray a little and Job could gently lead that little ray of light or that little bit of darkness back to its home.

And of the course that idea is laughable! It’s a humorous picture. It’s actually rather absurd.

And it’s a level of absurdity that matches Job’s insinuations and implications about God and the way that he works in this world. God says that Job is acting as if he existed before God created light on day 1 of creation week.

Job thinks that he has God’s routine down pat. God punishes wickedness and rewards goodness. No questions asked. No exceptions. God is pretty much bound to this oath – that he never really agreed to.

But the moment that we think we know exactly what God should do in any given situation is the moment that we pretty much place ourselves in God’s position.

A human being can be rather unpredictable. And we understand that that’s a normal thing. And we allow our fellow-humans to be sort of unpredictable.

And yet, we somehow feel that God – who is infinitely beyond us – is bound to be predictable according to our own human reasoning? Something’s wrong with that picture!

And when we start thinking that we can get God and his ways of dealing in this world into our little box – don’t be surprised if he comes back at you and tells you that you’re acting as if you have existed from before day 1 of creation week.

And I can tell you that only one being existed before day 1 of creation week. Who was that? God, right? Well, you’re not him. So, stop acting like you are.

That’s God’s message to Job – and even to us. Where are we acting as if we’re God? As if we alone know the correct course of action? As if we can dictate to God what he ought – and ought not – to do?

And I’m getting ahead of the text – but wherever we realize that this is what we’ve been doing – playing God – then we need to do as Job will do in a few chapters and repent. Stop thinking that way. Change your mind about that erroneous way of thinking.

And when we don’t understand God’s ways – his fathomless, unsearchable ways – we can and we need to trust his awesome wisdom.

Job 38 Commentary: Q16-17: Snow and Hail

Well, God continues to question Job on the matters of snow and hail in verses 22 and 23.

22 Hast thou entered [into the treasures/the storehouse(s)] of the snow?
or hast thou seen the [treasures/storehouses/armory] of the hail,

23 Which I [have reserved/reserve] [against/for] the time of [trouble/distress],
[against/for] the day of battle and war?

So, God pictures snow and hail as if they were artillery that he stores up so that he can use them in battle.

The point is that God can call upon these elements whenever he wants. They are at his disposal. And so, the question once more for Job is – would you even know how to make it snow? Are you omnipotent so that you could make hail fall from the sky?

And once more the answer is, “No.

Well then, a follow-up to that question of course is, “If you don’t know how to make it hail and snow and if you’re not strong enough to make that happen – but I am! – then can’t you trust my wisdom even in your suffering?

Job 38 Commentary: Q18-19: Lightning and the East Wind

And, God continues by asking Job about lightning and the east wind in verse 24.

24 [By what way is/Where is the way that/In what direction is] the [light/lightning] [parted/divided/dispersed],
[which/or] [scattereth the east wind/the east wind(s) scattered] [upon/on/over] the earth?

So, this question is directional. Who determines where light or lightning is parted or divided or dispersed? Who determines how the east wind is scattered?

And both lightning and the east wind can be devastating. Who has power over such devastating and potentially life-threatening elements?

God alone has such power.

And Job wouldn’t know the answer to this question that God just posed. By what way are these things directed? No one knows.

No one except for God.

Then why do we act like we know it all when it comes to what’s happening in our lives? We clearly don’t understand a great many things in this world.

Job 38 Commentary: Q20-21: Floods and Thunder

Well, in verses 25-27 the Lord asks Job about floods and thunder.

25 Who [hath divided/has cleft/carves out] a [watercourse/channel] for the [overflowing of waters/flood/heavy rains],
[or/and] a [way/path] for the [lightning of thunder/thunderbolt/rumble of thunder];

26 To [cause it to/bring] rain on [the earth, where no man is;/a land without people/an uninhabited land]
[on the wilderness/on a desert/a desert], [wherein there is no man/without a man in it/where there are no human beings];

27 To satisfy [the desolate/the waste/a devastated] and [waste/desolate] [ground/land];
and to [cause/make] [the bud of the tender herb to spring forth?/the seeds of grass to sprout?/it to sprout with vegetation?]

So, God asks who is able to bring floods from rain storms onto a parched land with no one living there.

Now, you might think that God is solely interested in sending rain to areas with human creatures. And that perhaps he does that because he is so concerned for mankind.

But God says here that he sends rain sometimes where no rain has fallen for a long time – and he does this in places where humans don’t live. Nevertheless, he does it.

Do you know why? I can understand God sending rain to provide for those made in his image. But why would he be concerned to send rain into uninhabited places? I don’t know. I don’t understand it.

Quite frankly, if I were put in the place of God for a day – this task would completely slip my mind. I’ve never thought about it before.

And that’s the point. God does things that we have no idea he would do. But he knows they need to happen and he’s powerful enough to make them happen.

And this question once more like all the others should humble us.

Job 38 Commentary: Q22-23: Rain and Dew

Alright, next in verse 28, God asks Job about rain and dew.

28 [Hath the rain/Does the rain have] a father?
or who hath [begotten/fathered] the drops of dew?

So, God pictures the rain and dew as children and he asks – who’s the father? And the point is – how are they made? How does rain and dew form? And who decides when they should be brought forth?

Who is responsible for creating the rain and dew? God alone.

Job 38 Commentary: Q24-25: Ice and Frost

And in a related set of questions, in verses 29 and 30, the Lord asks Job about the origin of ice and frost.

29 [Out of/From] whose womb [came/has come/does emerge] the ice?
and the [hoary frost/frost] [of heaven/from the sky], who [hath gendered/gives birth to] it?

30 [The waters/Water/When the waters] [are/become(s)] [hid/hard] [as with/like] a stone,
[and/when] the [face/surface] of the deep is [frozen/imprisoned/frozen solid].

So, God dealt with liquid water in verse 28 – but now he deals with solid water. He asked about the father of the liquid water in verse 28 – but now he asks about the mother of solid water.

So, where does frozen water come from? Who makes that? Who has created the processes to bring that into existence?

It’s God. And when in a few months you complain about the white stuff that just keeps falling from the sky – or when you’re complaining as the wet stuff falls from the sky – as it has been doing a lot lately – well, in a way you’re kind of insulting the one who created it and sees fit to send it.

And you might not – and I might not! – like the snow that makes my way to church hazardous – and I might not like the rain that prevents me from having soccer practice with my Park and Rec team.

But in those situations, let’s come back to the idea that God knows what he’s doing. He’s not mistaken in his choice of weather. There’s a purpose behind all of it that you and I are not aware of.

And of course we need to take our minds from the weather that we might not like – to any sufferings that we have in this life. And we should have the same exact thoughts about our sufferings as we need to have about the rain and snow.

It’s alright. God’s in control. God is all-wise. He is all-powerful. He knows what’s best for us. Even when we don’t like it. Even when it’s inconvenient – even dangerous! Even when it hurts.

Job 38 Commentary: Q26-27: Pleiades and Orion

So, next, the Lord turns his gaze from earth toward the heavens beyond the clouds and he asks Job about two groups of stars in verse 31.

31 [Canst thou/Can you] [bind/tie] the [sweet influences/chains/bands] of [the…] Pleiades,
or [loose/release] the [bands/cords] of Orion?

Now, I’ll be quite honest. I don’t know exactly what the Lord is asking here.

I know that the Pleiades is a group of seven stars. They’re also called the Seven Sisters. And that group of stars is near – at least to our view from earth – the group of stars known as Orion. I also know that Orion is famous for “his” belt – a line of three stars that resemble – to the imaginative mind of ancient man – a belt. And that’s all.

I don’t know what these “sweet influences” or “chains/bands” might be. I saw an article on Answers in Genesis that says that these seven stars are slowly moving apart. Maybe that’s what the Lord is talking about.

Maybe the “bands of Orion” is a reference to that belt of three stars.

And I think I’m OK with not fully understanding what the Lord is asking – because actually that would support what he’s saying here.

If the Lord were to appear to me and ask me if I could do these things – bind the bands of the Pleiades and loosen the cords of Orion – I would say, “Not at all, Lord! I don’t even know what you’re talking about! How would I be able to do it?!

Job 38 Commentary: Q28-29: Constellations and the Bear

And, now, in verse 32 the Lord continues his questioning Job about groups of stars and he includes one more of them by name.

32 [Canst thou/Can you] [bring forth/lead forth/lead out] [Mazzaroth/a constellation/the constellations] in [his/its/their] season[s]?
[or canst thou/and/or] guide [Arcturus/the Bear] with [his/her/its] [sons/satellites/cubs]?

So, God continues his questions in the realm of the heavens. And he’s asking Job if Job can cause constellations to appear in their appropriate time.

And constellations are seasonal. Certain ones appear in the northern hemisphere at certain times and certain ones appear in the southern hemisphere.

And it happens like clockwork. And we can look at that and explain it as the earth’s tilt and rotation around the sun causing that to happen. But who makes the earth rotate around the sun? And why doesn’t the earth go rolling head over heals instead of remaining steady in its tilt? And you could think of numerous other questions as to why constellations come around at their proper time every year.

And observational science will never be able to completely answer any of those questions. And that should bring a little humility into the heart of the smartest astronomer. Because this kind of thing is in God’s hands alone. And it’s no problem for him to make sure this happens – every year, right on time.

And as we become observational scientists of our own existence – our own lives – we need to have a good dose of humility. We can’t be like Job and his three friends – trying to explain every little detail of how God should or does work in our lives. Let’s be humble and allow God to be God.

Job 38 Commentary: Q30-31 Rules of Heaven on Earth

And so, having considered the constellations in the heavens, the Lord asks Job what he knows about the rules that govern the heavens and if he might be able to bring that rule to bear in the earth in verse 33.

33 [Knowest thou/Do you know] the [ordinances/laws] of [heaven/the heavens]?
[canst thou/or/or can you] [set/fix/set up] [the dominion thereof/their rule] [in/over] the earth?

And this might touch on some of the questions that I just asked in the last verse. Why do planets rotate around the sun in our solar system? Why does the earth rotate the way it does? Why is it tilted a certain way?

Well, do you know why? You don’t – but we’re given somewhat of an answer here. It’s because God has ordinances and laws that govern these things. And those rules govern even how the earth behaves. And you and I and our fellow-man – we have just barely scratched the surface when it comes to understanding the laws that govern outer space – the heavens beyond the clouds. Gravity and inertia and all sorts of other concepts. We see just a glimpse. But God sees the whole picture.

Now, have you ever tried to find your city on map of the world? And maybe you find it – and then you notice how much else is on the earth. How large it is. The great expanse that is our earth.

And then in your mind you zoom out into outer space – maybe looking at the earth from the moon. Have you ever seen pictures of that? And even the earth itself looks small.

Brothers and sisters, you and I are very small. We occupy a very small plot of land that is a very small part of a very small planet within a very small solar system within a very small galaxy within … a very large universe.

And God has set rules for his universe and for our galaxy and solar system and planet. And he makes sure that everything that needs to happen is actually happening. He has it all under control.

God knows what needs to happen throughout the entire universe. And yet he has not forgotten about you. He knows what’s best for your life – and will you believe this? – he is doing what is best in your life.

And you might not understand what he’s doing or why. Job didn’t either. But you and I can trust this all-wise, all-powerful God.

When we can’t understand God’s ways – and can you? Can you completely understand anything that God does in this universe? More and more – I feel like I can’t. I can’t fully understand what God is doing and how he’s doing it and why he’s doing it.

But when we can’t understand God’s ways – we must trust his wisdom. In this universe. In nature. In creation. And especially in your life and mine.

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 1-17

Job 38 Commentary Verses 1-17

Job 38 Commentary: Verses 1-17
Explaining the Book of Job

 
 
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Job 38 Commentary: Well, something really interesting happens at this point. Elihu has been focusing on storms and clouds and lightning. And now all of a sudden – the Lord appears in one of those storms.

KJV Job 38:1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,

So, two things to note.

First, it seems like this whirlwind was nearby. The author phrases it as if the whirlwind is there and God just starts speaking to Job from it.

And I think we also need to have in our minds an accurate picture of what this would have looked like.

When you hear “whirlwind” you can think of a tornado. And that very well could be the case here. But the word in the Hebrew could refer to a storm in general – any storm – not just a tornado.

But it’s not just any storm. This is a storm or whirlwind with God’s voice is coming from it. Like he spoke from the burning bush later on in history.

So, those are some thoughts about the appearance of this storm.

Also, I think that the transition from Elihu to God is another piece of evidence that tells us that God is in favor of what Elihu said. The narrator didn’t have to tell us that God came to correct Elihu – like he earlier explained when Elihu came on the scene to correct Job and the friends. It’s like God comes and simply serves to continue Elihu’s points that he’s already made – confirming that what Elihu has been saying has basically been God’s message to Job and his friends.

Or you can look at it the other way – God sent Elihu ahead of himself to speak on God’s behalf.

Job 38 Commentary: Q1: Who is this?

Whatever the case, God is now speaking. And he continues questioning Job just like Elihu was doing. And here’s his first question.

2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel
[by/with] words without knowledge?

3 [Gird up now thy loins/Get ready for a difficult task] like a man;

[for I/and I/I] will [demand of thee/ask you/question you],
and [answer thou/you instruct/you will inform] me.

And of course, this first question of God’s is not looking for an answer. In fact, most of God’s questions to Job are not expecting an answer. Really, Job doesn’t give any answer to anything God asks.

But this question serves to put Job in his place. Who are you – who have no knowledge of all sorts of areas – to speak of what you don’t understand – and in so doing, you give counsel that is dark – that doesn’t help at all?

And then God challenges Job to get ready for a difficult task. Since Job feels that he is in the position to judge the Judge of the Universe, then he needs to act the part and answer God in these numerous questions that God has for him.

And of course, God is being sarcastic. He knows that Job won’t have any answer. He’s saying this to Job to show him how little he really does know. And when it comes down to it, the only answer Job can give to most of these questions is either “No, I can’t do whatever you just asked.” or “I don’t know the answer to your question.

Job 38 Commentary: Q2: Foundations of the Earth

So, here’s the second question that God asks – but the first one that really deals with how much Job actually knows about anything in this world.

4 Where wast thou when I laid the [foundations/foundation] of the earth?
[declare/tell me], if thou [hast/possess] understanding.

So, this question has to do with origins – the origin of Job and of the world.

God pictures the creation of the world as if he laid it on its foundations – like you would do for a house or other building.

And then he asks Job where he was when God did that. Of course, the answer is that Job would not have existed at that time.

And the point is that Job has been acting as if he was around for that event. By questioning God’s justice and goodness – Job is behaving as if he were equal with God – even a bit superior to him!

Job 38 Commentary: Q3-4: Measuring the Earth

So, next God wants to ask Job about the measurements of the earth.

5 Who [hath laid/set] [the measures thereof/its measurements], [if/since] thou knowest?
or who hath stretched [the line/a measuring line] [upon/on/across] it?

Now, God is not asking Job to recite the measurements of the earth. People today can in fact measure the earth based on mathematical calculations and such.

That’s not it. Instead, God is asking about who decided how big the earth would be. Who stretched out a measuring line on the earth like a builder would do to something he’s building.

Who did it? – God asks. The answer of course is God – and is certainly not who? Certainly not Job. And certainly not you, either. And not me, as we ever start to question God’s dealings in our life.

God knew what dimensions the earth should have. Job didn’t and doesn’t. Job can leave this detail to God – and he can leave every other detail to him as well.

Job 38 Commentary: Q5-6: Foundation and Corner Stone of the Earth

Next God asks Job about the foundation and corner stone of the earth.

6 [Whereupon/On what] [are/were] [the foundations thereof/its bases] [fastened/sunk/set]?
or who laid [the corner stone thereof/its cornerstone];

7 When the morning stars sang [together/in chorus],
and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

So, what is the earth laid on? And who laid the cornerstone of the earth? Again – God is picturing the earth as his handiwork. Like a builder, God created this place and everything. While Job wouldn’t even know the beginnings of how God did it.

And one reason that Job doesn’t know how it happened is because he wasn’t there. But God was, and he recounts that there was singing and great joy when he created the world. The morning stars and the sons of God sang and rejoiced when God created the earth.

This is the same group that was seen convening twice at the beginning of this book. And Satan appeared among them.

But God doesn’t mention that detail – the detail of how they all met in Job chapters 1 and 2. Instead, he points Job to a time when this group sang and rejoiced at God’s creative power.

Now, I do want to note that if God is putting the creation of the earth and angels singing in the same time frame… then we have a little bit of a problem. Either God created angels before the first day of creation. Or God here is just saying that he created the earth in the same general time frame as when he created angels.

Now, we’re not told specifically in Scripture when angels were created. I think the best we can do is to equate the creation of the angels with the creation of the heavenly bodies – which was day 4 of creation week.

So, I think it’s best to see God here speaking of the creation of the earth and the rejoicing of angels as happening in the same general time frame – that four day span of time between “in the beginning” and day 4 of creation week.

Anyway, this shows the glory of God’s creation – his power and his knowledge and his eternality. He is completely uniquely excellent – to the point where angels sing of his work.

But sometimes we human creatures see his work – especially when it’s maybe not as pleasant as we’d like – and we don’t sing. We gripe. We complain. We even question the wisdom and justice and goodness of this amazing God.

Job 38 Commentary: Q7: The Sea

Well, God moves on to ask Job about the sea.

8 Or who [shut up/enclosed] the sea with doors,
when it [brake/burst] forth, [as if it had issued/coming] out of the womb?

9 When I made [the cloud/a cloud/the storm cloud] the garment thereof,
and thick darkness [a swaddlingband for it/its swaddling band],

10 And [brake up for it my/I placed its/prescribed] [decreed place/boundaries/its limits],
and [set/set in place its] [bars/bolt/bolts] and doors,

11 [And/And I/when I] said,

[Hitherto/Thus far/To here] [shalt thou/you may] come, [but/and] no further:
and here shall thy proud waves [be stayed/stop/be confined]?

So, God pictures himself as setting limits on the sea. And what’s the answer to God’s question in verse 8? [read it…] God, of course. God set the limits on the sea. He even admits it eventually in verse 11.

God pictures the sea as having been born – along with imagery of new birth – issuing from the womb and swaddling bands.

God set those limits for the sea. And he sets limits for us as well. In Job’s life, he limited Satan’s attack on Job. And as a result, Job felt limited in his life and was dissatisfied about it.

But the sea isn’t dissatisfied with God’s limits. He puts those limits in place wisely. And we need to be like the sea in that respect – satisfied with the limits that God places on us.

Job 38 Commentary: Q8: Bring the Morning

Well, the next question that God asks is about bringing in the morning.

12 Hast thou commanded the morning [since thy days/ever in your life];
and [caused/made] the [dayspring/dawn] to know his place;

13 That it might [take hold of/seize] the [ends/corners] of the earth,
[that/and] the wicked [might be shaken/shake X] out of it?

14 [It/The earth] [is turned/is changed/takes shape] [as/like] clay [to the/under a] seal;
[and they/its features] [stand/stand forth/are dyed] [as/like] a garment.

15 [And/Then] from the wicked [their/the] light is [withholden/withheld],
and the [high arm/uplifted arm/arm raised in violence] [shall be/is] broken.

OK, so the answer to God’s question in verse 12 [read it…] is “no.” Job has not commanded the morning to come.

And catch what God says about what happens as a result of the morning coming. It shakes the wicked out of their place. And I think that’s God picturing the wicked as dwelling in darkness. They do their evil at night. But then God commands the dawn to spring forth and they need to disperse.

And as night turns to day, verse 14 happens – things look different. Things change. The appearance of everything – even temperature – changes as night turns into day time.

And again, God points to the effects that that has on the wicked. Even though he sends light on the earth, yet somehow he withholds light from the wicked.

And I think it’s interesting that God has noted that group of individuals – the wicked – twice in this section. God is acknowledging that he indeed does deal with the wicked. Job was starting to question that – whether God ever deals with these people!

But he does deal with them in his time according to his wisdom. And not how Job or his three friends think that God should deal with them.

Job 38 Commentary: Q9-10: Source of the Seas

So, not only can Job not make the morning happen, he also doesn’t experientially know anything about the source of the seas.

16 Hast thou [entered into/gone to] the springs [of/that fill] the sea?
or hast thou [walked/walked about] in the [search/recesses] of the [depth/deep]?

So, God says that there are springs of water that fill the sea. I’m not sure of the location of these springs. Is he saying that these springs are at the bottom of the seas or is he picturing them as on the land somewhere and the water from them flows into the sea?

Whatever the case, God is pointing beyond the springs to the idea that he himself fills the seas. And Job does not. If it was left in Job’s hands to fill the seas – or our hands, for that matter – the seas certainly would not get filled. We would have no clue what to do or how to do it.

And then God speaks of walking in the recesses of the deep. Has Job ever found himself walking around on the bottom of the ocean? Have you?

Well, with various achievements that humanity has made since the writing of this book, maybe you can go to the bottom of the ocean. That’s possible.

But God isn’t asking if you’ve gone to the bottom of the ocean in a submarine or some other vessel. He’s asking Job – and you – whether you’ve walked around down there. And actually, that would be an impossible feat – and I think it will be forever.

Why? It’s called “pressure.” Let me read for you something I found on the website of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/pressure.html]…

At sea level, the air that surrounds us presses down on our bodies at 14.5 pounds per square inch. You don’t feel it because the fluids in your body are pushing outward with the same force.

Dive down into the ocean even a few feet, though, and a noticeable change occurs. You can feel an increase of pressure on your eardrums. This is due to an increase in hydrostatic pressure, the force per unit area exerted by a liquid on an object. The deeper you go under the sea, the greater the pressure of the water pushing down on you. For every 33 feet (10.06 meters) you go down, the pressure increases by 14.5 psi.

Many animals that live in the sea have no trouble at all with high pressure. Whales, for instance, can withstand dramatic pressure changes because their bodies are more flexible. Their ribs are bound by loose, bendable cartilage, which allows the rib cage to collapse at pressures that would easily snap our bones.

And so, as God challenges Job regarding whether or not he’s been to the bottom of the seas, he’s really pointing to Job’s own limitations and frailty. Before we would even get close to the bottom of the seas our bones would snap!

And implied in all of these questions is an admission by God that he can do these things. That he has done them. Things that are so difficult or actually impossible for us – God does easily.

Job 38 Commentary: Q11-12: Death and Darkness

And most of what God has been asking Job about deals with things of this life – the earth, the sea, morning and dawn, and such.

But now God is going to ask Job about his knowledge of something that is at one time part of life in this sin-cursed world – but it’s also beyond this life. He’s going to ask Job about… death.

17 Have the gates of death been [opened/revealed] unto thee?
or hast thou seen the [doors/gates] of [the shadow of death/deep darkness/deepest darkness]?

What is death like? What will it be to have your physical body shut down operations?

That’s a pretty morbid question and therefore it’s one that we tend to not consider very deeply or often. And yet, even if we really wanted to know about death – what does it feel like? What’s on the other side of death? We don’t know those answers experientially. And finding anyone to answer those questions is impossible because everyone who has experienced death is not around anymore to answer questions!

But God knows about death. He’s the one who instituted it – because of sin.

And in the midst of God’s dealings in our lives we can feel like he’s messing up when it comes to our lives. And we even have opinions about our death – maybe you have a preference for how you’d like to die or when.

My grandma who is 89 years old and will turn 90 in November, Lord-willing, has expressed several times to various people that she just wants God – in her words – “to take” her. But he hasn’t yet. It’s not his time.

Can you figure out why God wouldn’t want to take the soul of an 89 year old woman who wants to die – but at the same time just over a year ago he took the life of one of the kids on the soccer team that I was coaching who was my oldest son’s good friend? So much life ahead of him – so much sorrow left behind – so many questions…

Questions… Why? Why all the questions? Because we don’t understand God’s ways.

But do you know who does understand God’s ways? You’ve got it – God does! God knows when people should die. He tells us in Ecclesiastes that there’s “a time to die.” But he tells us that that’s “in his time.” He has made all things beautiful in his time. But it’s his time and not ours.

And ultimately, we don’t know a thing about death – beyond what God has been pleased to reveal to us in his word. So, we can – and really have no other choice but to – trust him even with death.