Zephaniah is considered the author of his own book.
Date written is between 630 and 621 B.C.
Zephaniah is written to Judah - The evil kings influenced the dwindling moral and religous behavior of Judah.
Location of this book is in Jerusalem and Judah.
Historically, repentance is called to the nations and Judah. The warning was the disaster that was inevitably close. Doctrinally, holiness demonstrated was desired by God. Therefore, God will judge the world. In this he “will be just.” Christologicaly,“the righteous Lord within Israel”, “the King of Israel, the Lord”, and “the witness against the nations” is the presentation of Christ.
I. Coming judgments of Judah 1
II. Call to Repentance 2:1 - 3
III. Judgments threatened 2:4 - 15
IV. A woe pronounced upon the sinners of Jerusalem because of their corruption and spiritual blindness 3:1 - 8
V. Universal Judgment 3:8 - 13
Vi. Future glory of Israel 3:14 - 20
Retributions, repentance, and redemption are how the author divides up the book of Zephaniah. First, God punishes. This means that “against Judah: is an aroused jealousy of God. Second, repentance is being called.This means that “against the Gentiles” is an aroused jealousy of God. Repentance, in its time span, happens “before.. judgment.” Lastly, redemption is expected. This means that Judah received the jealousy of God being put out.
The one lesson of the book:
John Mcarther stated that “within these oracles of divine wrath, the prophet exhorted the people to seek the Lord.” We can also seek the Lord even when things go wrong.
Geisler, Norman. A Popular Survey of the Old Testament. Baker Book House,1977.
Thompson, Frank Charles. The Thompson Chain-Reference Bible, 5th ed. B.B. Kirkbride Bible Co, 1988.