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jeremiah

Jeremiah

Who Wrote the Book?

Jeremiah himself (1:1). Jeremiah was the son of Hilkiah the priest. Jeremiah 1:1 (KJV), “ The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:”

Evidence Supporting Jeremiah as the Author (Geisler 263)

  1. The title of Jeremiah name Jeremiah as the author. (Jeremiah 1:1)
  2. The character and content of the book fit the time in which Jeremiah lived.
  3. Daniel cited the prophecies of this book, claiming that Jeremiah wrote them. (Dan 9:2)
  4. Ecclesiasticus 49:6-7 and Josephus, Antiquiteis, X.5.1. give credit to Jeremiah.
  5. There is both linguistic and historical support for the writer of Jeremiah.
  6. The New Testament quotes this book several times. (Matt. 2:17; 21:13; Hebrew 8:8-12).

When

In the 13th year of King Josiah (1:2). Jeremiah continued to write prophesy after the destruction of Jerusalem in 585 B.C. His ministry covered the reign of several kings: Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoichin, and Zeddkiah according to II Kings 22-25.

Why

Jeremiah is a book of prophesy which would come to the Chosen People of Israel (Chapters 1 - 39). The remaining chapters were written to those who were the “discouraged and dismayed scattered around the land of Palestine as a result of the Babylonian captivity and the destruction of Jerusalem (Geisler 264).

Location

The nation of Judah for chapters 1 - 39, 40 - 43 those who stayed in Judah after Judah fell, and 44 is Egypt (264).

Prophecies

I. Prophecy during King Josiah (Geisler)

  A. Jeremiah 
      1.  Called from the womb (1:5)
      2.  God will go with him (1:8)
  B. The Concern of Jeremiah
      1.  Idolatry (ch. 2-3)
      2.  Injustice (ch. 4-5)
      3.  Iniquity (ch. 6)
  C. The Compassion of Jeremiah 
      1.  7:3 - "Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will
                  cause you to dwell in this place."
      2.  8:5 - "Why then has this people turned away in perpetual backsliding?"
      3.  9:1 - "O that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for
                  the slain of the daughter of my people!"
  D. The People's Complacence
      1.  11:10 - "They have turned their back to the iniquity of their forefathers, who refused to hear my words;
                   they have gone after other gods to serve them."  Israel has forsaken God.
      2.  12:1 - "Why does the way of the wicked proper?"  Jeremiah questions why they are not punished.
     

II. Prophecy during King Jehoiakim and King Zedekiah

  A.  Warning given in chapter 13:27, "Woe unto thee. O Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made clean?  when shall it
       once be?
  B.  Grievous Famine - 14:4
  C.  Death is coming - 14:15 "...By sword and famine shall those [false] prophets be consumed."
  D.  Utter rejection by the Jews - 15:6 "...thou hast forsaken me.."
  E.  Captivity of Judah for sin - 17:1 "The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron..."
  F.  Evil heart of man - 17:9 - "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked:  who can know
       it?"
  G.  Sovereignty of God - 18:6 "...Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house
       of Israel."
  H.  Lamentation begins.  Jeremiah regrets his birth to see the shame of God's people. (20:14-18)
  I.  Call to repentance - chapter 22
  J.  Prophecy of the Restoration of the Flock - ch. 23 & 24
  K.  70 years captivity foretold ch. 25
  L.  Prophecy of the Iron yoke because of Hananiah's false prophecy ch. 28
  M.  Flock restored ch. 30 - 31
  N.  Jeremiah imprisoned - 32
  O.  Christ's Coming foretold - ch. 32 - 33
  P.  Destruction of Israel ch. 34 - 35 
  Q.  Jeremiah cast to a dungeon - 38
  

III. Prophesy after the fall of Jerusalem (Geisler)

  A.  To the Remnant in Palestine (40 - 43).  Jeremiah chose to remain faithful to the Lord and stayed in the
       land, but the others fled to Egypt.
  B.  To the remnant in Egypt (44).  Served false gods and Jeremiah gave them the word of the Lord:  "I will 
       punish those who dwell in the land of Egypt..." (vs. 13)
  C.  To the remnant in Babylon (45 - 52).  
      1.  Jeremiah told of fall of Jehoiakim and Judah (45
      2.  Nebuchadnezzar will invade Egypt (46)
      3.  Philistines would be overrun (47)
      4.  Moab would be laid to waste (48)
      5.  Ammonities captured and Edom's pride brought down (49)
      6.  Babylon will fall (50)
      7.  Judah will repent (51)
      8.  Eyewitness account of the fall of Jerusalem (52)
      

Book Outline


Analysis of Jeremiah

The Analysis of Jeremiah was taken from J. Vernon McGee's study of Jeremiah. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ttb/jeremiah.html

I. The Prophet's Call and Assurance, Ch. 1.

II. Judah Called to Repentance, Chs. 2-22.

   1. Her sins set forth, Chs. 2-6
   2. The call to repentance, Chs. 7-10.
   3. The appeal to the covenant, Chs. 11-13.
   4. Rejection and captivity foretold, Chs. 14-22.
   

III. The Book of Consolation, Chs. 23-33.

   1. The restoration of the remnant, Chs. 22-29.
   2. The complete restoration, Chs. 30-33.
   

IV. The Doom of Jerusalem Due to the People's Wickedness, Chs. 34-36.

V. The History of Jeremiah and His Times, Chs. 37-45.

VI. Prophecies Against Foreign Nations, Chs. 46-51.

VII. Historical Appendix, Ch. 52.


Life Application Study Bible 1996

God's Object Lessons in Jeremiah

(1:11-12) Whip from the branch of an almond tree. God will carry out his threats of punishment.

(1:13) Boiling pot, tipping southward. God will punish Judah.

(13:1-11) A useless linen belt. Because the people refused to listen to God, they had become useless, like a ruined linen belt.

(18:1-17) Potter's clay. God could destroy his sinful people if he so desires. This is a warning to them to repent before he is forced to bring judgment.

(19:1-12) Broken clay jars. God would smash Judah just as Jeremiah smashed the clay jars.

(24:1-10) Two baskets of figs. Good figs represent God's remnant. Bad figs are the people left behind.

(27:2-11) Yoke. Any nation who refused to submit to Babylon's yoke of control would be punished.

(43:8-13) Large rocks. The rocks marked the place where Nebuchadnezzar would set his throne when God allowed him to conquer Egypt.

(51:59-64) Scroll sunk in the river. Babylon would sink to rise no more.

Content

Looking at the book of Jeremiah, we see that in chapter one, God calls Jeremiah. He thought he was too young and inexperienced to be able to do what God had called him to do, but we find out that he actually was the exact person that God needed for this job. Jeremiah was a prophet who endured during many trials throughout his time as a prophet. Jeremiah cries unto Judah about the sins they had been committing. Judah doesn't heed the warning. Destruction comes while Judah has no respect for God.

In chapter seven, we see the people fall into false worship. Again, God sends Jeremiah with a message to repent, or God would send judgment. Jeremiah weeps for the people. This is how he received the name “the weeping prophet.” He prophesies destruction. Jeremiah complains to God, and He answers Jeremiah. God announces doom for Jerusalem, and Jerusalem is persecuted. Again and again, Jeremiah warns the people. In chapter eighteen, we see the people try to silence Jeremiah.

In chapter twenty-three, we see a righteous King will come. Jeremiah 23:5 (KJV), “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.” Jeremiah has a vision of the figs. He prophesies captivity. Jeremiah barely escapes death. He urges submission to Babylon. Jeremiah warns against a false prophet.

After God sends punishment, He will send restoration. We see this in chapter thirty. In chapter thirty-one, God promises to rebuild the nation. God promises peace and prosperity. In chapter thirty-four, God judgment arrives. Jeremiah is put in prison, but then he is rescued. In chapters forty-six through fifty-two, God sends judgment on the foreign nations.

Verses for Debate

http://www.emilytimbol.com/2014/03/10/the-20-most-misunderstood-verses-in-the-bible/

Jeremiah 29:11 (KJV), ” For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you an expected end.“ According to this article, Jeremiah 29:11 is one of the 20 most misunderstood verse in the Bible. She says, Entire churches have been started on the misinterpretation of this verse, found in the Old Testament. The most popular understanding, that spurned the “prosperity gospel,” is that God wants you, yes you, to prosper. How? With money of course! And happiness. A future of prosperity is enticing enough to fill whole arenas with Christians every Sunday, eager for their share. All to often Television preachers preach this message that if you are a Christian, God will bless you with riches.

“This verse, quoted to countless individuals who are struggling with vocation or discerning God’s will, is not written to individuals at all. This passage is written to a whole group of people—an entire [Israelite] nation…in Jeremiah 29:10, God lays down the specifics on this promise: that He will fulfill it “after seventy years are completed for Babylon.” In other words, yes, God says, I will redeem you—after 70 years in exile. This is certainly a far cry from our expectation of this verse in what God’s plans to prosper us really mean. He did have a future and a hope for them—but it would look far different than the Israelites ever expected.”

For Further Study

jeremiah.txt · Last modified: 2017/06/25 02:37 by mike